The Burn Rose: Pirates to Privateers
Unknown to him, pirates were once again causing trouble near Charleston, in particular Captain Charles Vane. Outraged by the recent string of pirate attacks outside Charleston, the Governor and Council of South Carolina planned to rid the menacing pirates. In late September , the two privateer sloops discovered three pirate ships anchored in the Cape Fear River.
A battle soon ensued and both the pirates and their hunters kept running aground on the shallow shoals. After about 5 long hours, the battle ended suddenly when the pirate rose the white flag to surrender. Rhett was suprised to find that the pirate captain was Major Stede Bonnet on his new ship Royal James and his two consort vessels.
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Bonnet and his captured crew were returned to Charleston where he was well known for his particapation in the siege of their harbor. The 34 pirates were put on trial in Charleston from October 28 to November 12, , where Judge Nicholas Trot gave a lengthy moral speech of Bonnet's deeds especially knowing of cultured background of the pirate. In the end, 30 out of the 34 were convicted and sentenced to death, including Major Stede Bonnet.
While in prison, Bonnet sent a letter to the Governor for forgiveness and promising reform, but he was eventually hanged at White Point, Charleston in November Major Stede Bonnet was not what a typical pirate that started his career as a seaman turned pirate. Instead, Bonnet already had a successful career in the army and he had a large plantation so why exactly he turned to piracy is not clear.
The nagging wife theory is one possibilty, but in the end he will be known in pirate history as the pirate gentleman. Anne Bonny Irish Pirate Active Bonny was married to a poor man, James Bonny, in the Bahamas when she met Captain Calico Jack Rackam and joined his pirate ship dressed as a man. When their ship was attacked by a British Navy sloop off the coast of Jamaica in , Bonny and fellow female pirate, Mary Read, drew their pistols and cutlasses and fought back bravely while the rest of the drunken pirates cowered in the ship's hold.
Both Mary and Anne escaped the death sentence at their trials because they were pregnant. His career began as a gunner aboard the Pelican circa Later he was the gunner aboard the Dolphin. Both ships sailed in the Indian Ocean. Offered a pardon, some of the pirates surrendered, but most escaped to nearby Madagascar. Instead of letting the Dolphin fall into the hands of the British she was burned.
Captain Booth was among those who fled to Madagascar and was instrumental in the capture of a French ship which was Madagascar to trade liquor and goods for slaves. Captain Booth was captain of the attack and as such was in command of the captured ship. Sometime later Captain Booth met John Bowen and the joined forces. At Majunga, in April , they took over the Speaker, a ton slave ship carrying 50 guns and Booth was made her captain. Booth sailed to Zanzibar and arrived towards the end of When they went ashore for provisions they were attacked by Arab troops and Captain Booth was killed.
John Bowen was voted to replace him as captain. Bowen was born in Bermuda. Bowen moved to South Carolina. He became captain of a ship trading in the West Indies. Eventually he was captured by French pirates, who crossed the Atlantic, pillaged along the African coast and wrecked their ship on Madagascar's southwestern coast.
About 18 months later Bowen and the other survivors were picked up by a passing ship commanded by Captain Read.
The pirates took a larger Arab ship in the Persian Gulf. Around this time Bowen enlisted with the pirates and was elected sailing master. Bowen returned to western Madagascar and began sailing in consort with George Booth. April of the two crews captured the Speaker, a strong gun slave ship. More than pirates sailed to Zanzibar with George Booth as captain.
Bowen took command at the end of November , a British ship which they sold on the Indian coast. Returning to Madagascar, Bowen's ship was wrecked on Mauritius Island but he saved most of the men and treasure. In return for large bribes, the Dutch governor warmly welcomed the pirates and allowed them to buy a ship. April , Captain Bowen went back to Madagascar and set up camp on the eastern coast. Some time after, the pirates seized the Speedy Return , which had stopped to buy slaves. The two captains seized a rich British Merchant in March After separating for a time, Captain Bowen and Captain Howard joined forces again.
The pirates divided their plunder at Rajapura, India.
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Some stayed with Captain Howard on the Indian coast. Captain Bowen and 40 crewmen retired on Mauritius, where he died of disease about six months later. Roche Brasiliano Dutch Buccaneer Active 's. This Dutch buccaneer lived in Brazil before turning up in Jamaica in the 's. A drunkard famous for his cruelty, he was elected pirate captain and terrorized Spanish shipping. Breakes was the tall, handsome son of the Councilor of the Island of Saba. In , he was appointed to a Dutch trading vessel that sailed between Saba and Amsterdam.
Eventually commanding a trading ship which operated between Schiedham, Holland and Lisbon, Portugal, Breakes fell in love with a married woman named Mrs. Snyde was poisoned, and Breakes and the Widow Snyde were accused but later acquitted of the murder. Soon afterward, he stole his employer's trading ship and renamed it "The Adventurer. From there, Breakes bought a letter of marque from the governor of Gibraltar and turned to pillaging throughout the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean.
In his adventures, he plundered a convent in the Balearic Islands and then decided that it was inappropriate for his crew to be unmarried, so he had each of his men select a nun from the convent, who was then kidnapped and brought to the ship to perform their wifely duties. He then became homesick and upon returning to Holland to marry his mistress, Mrs.
Snyde, he discovered that she had been hanged for attempting to poison their new born son.
In a state of depression, he drown himself in a dyke. After returning to New England with booty gained from successfully attacking and capturing Spanish merchant ships, Captain Joe Brodish was recognized and thrown into a Boston jail. What wasn't known until after he had escaped twice, was the jail keeper was his uncle.
He was brought to justice finally after being shipped to England, where he was hanged for piracy. Known as the Grand Pirate, Brown was once given a royal pardon but returned to piracy, attacking ships off the coast of Jamaica. He was eventually captured by a childhood friend, John Drudge. Brown died from wounds sustained in his capture. Drudge then cut off Brown's head, pickled it, then turned it in for a reward. Dixie Bull started as a fur trader in Maine until a fateful day in June of , when French pirates stole everything he had leaving him destitute.
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It was then that he decided to take up piracy and plundered the New England coast. Enticing other traders, seamen and fisherman to join forces, Bull became known as New England's first pirate. Five ships were sent to capture Bull, but to no avail. Rumors were that he joined French pirates, yet others claim he returned to England, his native land.
http://beechwood-grove.co.uk/9018.php It is not known how he died, but a popular poem of the 's portrays him as dying in a sword fight.
Related The Burn Rose: Pirates to Privateers (Burn Rose Pirates Book 1)
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